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Mechanical Engineering
University of Hawai`i at Manoa
2540 Dole St. - Holmes Hall 302
Honolulu HI 96822

Departmental Chair:
Mehrdad N. Ghasemi Nejhad

    Anyuan Cao  
Assistant Professor of M.E.
Ph.D. 2002, Tsinghua University, P. R. of China

Contact Information
Phone:(808) 956-7597
Fax:(808) 956-2373



Research Interests


  • Manufacturing and characterization of nanostructure-based materials and devices.
  • Energy-related applications such as photovoltaics, batteries, and super-capacitors.
  • Environmentally benign (green) processes.
  • Micro- and nano-electromechanical systems and flexible devices.
  • Chemical and biological sensors, bio-compatible materials.

Research positions available

Area (energy applications of nanotechnology)

PhD students, postdoc researcher

(to apply, please send your CV to


Group members

Garret Hashiro (graduated in Spring 2008)

Jess Kaneshiro (graduated in Spring 2008)

Xianglong Li (postdoc)

Yi Jia (visiting student)

Lynette Shiroma (undergraduate)

Qiang Zhang (to join in October 2008)


Awards and honors

  • NSF Career Award (2008).
  • NSF reviewer & panelist (NanoManufacturing Program, January 2008).
  • 2006 Guinness World Records “The Smallest Nanotube Brushes”.
  • 2006 China Awards for Science and Technology, Natural Science Z-108-2-04.
  • 2005 China Education Administration Award, Natural Science - 006.
  • 2004 China National One-hundred Outstanding Doctoral Dissertation Award.


List of Publications


[New] Liu Y, Qian W, Zhang Q, Cao A, Li Z, Zhou W, Ma Y, Wei F. Hierarchical agglomerates of carbon nanotubes as high-pressure cushions. Nano Letters 10.1021/nl0733785 (2008).

Yu G, Li X, Lieber CM, Cao A. “Nanomaterial-incorporated blown bubble films for large area, aligned nanostructures” Journal of Materials Chemistry 18, 728-734 (2008).


Yu G, Cao A, Lieber CM. “Large area blown bubble films of aligned nanowires and carbon nanotubes” Nature Nanotechnology  2, 372-377 (2007).

Wei J, Jia Y, Shu Q, Gu Z, Wang K, Zhuang D, Zhang G, Wang Z, Luo J, Cao A, Wu D. “Double-walled carbon nanotube solar cells” Nano Letters  7, 2317-2321 (2007).

Zhang Y, Gong T, Jia Y, Liu W, Wei J, Ma M, Wang K, Zhong M, Wu D, Cao A. “Tailoring the intrinsic metallic states of double-walled nanotube films by self-soldered laser welding” Applied Physics Letters 91, 233109 (2007).

Lv R, Cao A, Kang F, Wang W, Wei J, Gu J, Wang K, Wu D. “Single-crystalline permalloy nanowires in carbon nanotubes: enhanced encapsulation and magnetization” The Journal of Physical Chemistry C 111, 11475-11479 (2007).

Xiang R, Luo G, Qian W, Zhang Q, Wang Y, Wei F, Li R, Cao A. “Encapsulation, compensation, and substitution of catalyst particles during continuous growth of carbon nanotubes” Advanced Materials 19, 2360-2363 (2007).


Wei J, Sun J-L, Zhu J-L, Wang K, Luo J, Wu D, Cao A. "Carbon nanotube macrobundles for light sensing" Small 2, 988-993 (2006).

Veedu V, Cao A, Li X, Ma K, Soldano C, Kar S, Ajayan PM, Ghasemi-Nejhad MN. "Multifunctional composites using reinforced laminae with carbon nanotube forests" Nature Mater. 5, 457-462 (2006).


Cao A, Dickrell PL, Sawyer WG, Ghasemi-Nejhad MN, Ajayan PM “Super-compressible foam-like carbon nanotube films” Science 310, 1307-1310 (2005). [Abstract] [Full text] [Nanotechweb News] [Starbulletin]

Cao A, Vinod V, Li X, Yao Z, Nejhad M, Ajayan PM. “Multifunctional brushes made from carbon nanotubes” Nature Mater. 4, 540-545 (2005). [BBC News] [National Geographic News] [][Chemical&Engineering News] [Sensors] [Popular Science] [Frankfurter Allmgeine Zeitung]

Li X, Cao A, Jung YJ, Vajtai R, Ajayan PM. “Bottom-up growth of carbon nanotube multilayers: unprecedented growth” Nano Lett. 5, 1997-2000 (2005).

Meng G, Jung Y, Cao A, Vajtai R, Ajayan PM. “Controlled fabrication of hierarchically branched nanopores, nanotubes, and nanowires” Proc. National Acad. Science USA 102 (20), 7074-7078 (2005). [Nanotechweb News]

Cao A, Talapatra S, Vajtai R, Ajayan PM. “Flow-induced planar assembly of parallel carbon nanotubes and crossed nanotube junctions” J. Nanosci. Nanotech. 5 (7), 1177-1180 (2005).

Cao A, Talapatra S, Choi Y, Vajtai R, Ajayan PM, Filin A, Persans P, Rubio A. “Recovered band-gap absorption of single-walled carbon nanotubes in acetone and alcohols” Adv. Mater. 17 (2): 147-150 (2005).

(2004 and Before )

Cao A, Ajayan PM, Filin A, Persans P. “Tailoring the optical excitation energies of single-walled carbon nanotubes” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 1598-1600 (2004).

Cao A, Meng G, Ajayan PM. “Nanobelt-templated growth of carbon nanotube rows” Adv. Mater. 16 (1): 40-44 (2004).

Cao A, Ajayan PM. “Zigzag assembly of carbon nanotubes inside micro Au trenches” J. Phys. Chem. B 108 (20): 6160-6163 (2004).

Cao A, Ajayan PM, Ramanath G, Baskaran R, Turner K. “Silicon oxide thickness-dependent growth of carbon nanotubes” Appl. Phys. Lett. 84 (1), 109-111 (2004).

Cao A, Baskaran R, Frederick MJ, Turner K, Ajayan PM, Ramanath G. “Direction-selective and length-tunable in-plane growth of carbon nanotubes” Adv. Mater. 15 (13): 1105-1109 (2003).

Cao A, Ajayan PM, Ramanath G. “Assembly of mm-scale macrobridges with carbon nanotube bundles” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83 (2): 356-358 (2003).



Courses Offered

ME371 Mechanics of Materials

ME696 Fracture Mechanics

ME696 Theory of Elasticity

ME447 Introduction to Nanotechnology

ME647 Nanoscience and nanotechnology


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